Professor Mike Parker Pearson, from University College London (UCL), made a breakthrough in understanding the famed monument last month with the discovery of an ancient stone structure at Waun Mawn, in the Preseli Hills. Experts now theorise the dismantled monument in Wales became the “building blocks” of the Stonehenge attraction that stands in Salisbury, Wiltshire, today. Yet who the ancient Neolithic Stonehenge builders were of the structure, and its surrounding sites, continues to raise questions.
Anthropologist and author Mary-Ann Ochota revealed during the English Heritage’s ‘Secrets of Our Sites’ series how clues have helped paint a picture.
She said: “Intriguing evidence comes out of Durrington Walls.
“What you can see in the landscape over there is an absolutely enormous earthwork that carries on across this field and then down there as well.
“It’s another henge enclosure with a bank and then a ditch, but this one is a super henge.
“This is a tiny slither of what was originally there.”
The large Neolithic settlement and later henge enclosure is located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and continues to be probed by experts.
Despite this, some incredible finds have emerged already.
Ms Ochota added: “We have found that it would have been bright white cut through to the chalk and it would have been much higher, and the ditch much deeper.
“That earthwork was built after some houses had fallen into disrepair and so the archaeologists think it was constructed in order to memorialise what had already happened.
READ MORE: Stonehenge: Welsh landowner wants monument ‘reclaimed’ from England after breakthrough
She continued in December: “They must have come here on the hoof in order to be fresh meat – we don’t know whether that means were complex trading networks across Britain at that time, or people were coming here with their animals.
“When the remains of these animal meat feasts were thrown into the ground, there was still plenty of meat attached to the bones, which indicates that they could afford to throw meat away.
“So it challenges all our preconceptions about what life in the Neolithic was like because we know that at least some people were eating very well.
“They were eating so well they could afford food wastage.
“So who was using this site and who came here with their animals for a big barbecue? It’s anyone’s guess.”