It will go on display on Saturday, the first anniversary of his passing at the age of 99.
The intriguing items will form part of an exhibition run by the museum to celebrate the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee.
There will be a particular focus on Her Majesty’s close links with The Royal Navy.
The Queen is the ceremonial head of the Armed Forces but also has a deep personal connection to the Royal Navy as she became an officer’s wife and is the daughter and granddaughter of monarchs who served in the Royal Navy.
Two of her sons Prince Charles and Prince Andrew also served in The Royal Navy with the latter seeing active service in The Falklands War.
The exhibition will be called Her Majesty’s Service: The Queen’s Role At The Heart Of The Royal Navy Family.
In addition to Prince Philip’s uniform there will be photos of The Queen’s many military engagements.
The museum has also received a donation of 41 shell cases from the gun salute fired to commemorate Philip’s death.
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“As the daughter and granddaughter of monarchs who served as young men in the Royal Navy, she later married a serving naval officer and two of her sons became naval officers.
“She has experienced the same emotions felt by every member of a naval family and paid testimony to this at the commissioning ceremony of HMS Queen Elizabeth in 2017.
“Photographs exploring the Queen’s long and loyal service and a recently acquired naval uniform belonging to the Duke of Edinburgh displayed for the first time alongside his admiral’s cap, add an intimate touch to the exhibition.”