There are two royal duchies in England, the Duchy of Cornwall and the Duchy of Lancaster. As the reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II is technically the current Duke of Lancaster, and she therefore has access to the namesake duchy. As heir apparent, Prince Charles has access to the other royal duchy, the Duchy of Cornwall.
What is the Duchy of Cornwall?
The Duchy of Cornwall is a private estate that has traditionally been under the remit of the heir apparent to the throne.
The Duchy of Cornwall was first established in 1337 under the reign of Edward III.
As such, the Duchy of Cornwall has acted almost like a trust fund for the Duke of Cornwall throughout history.
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And more than 27,3000 hectares of land in Dartmoor in South West England are also owned by the Duchy of Cornwall, with the land widely used for agriculture.
Poundbury in Dorset is an experimental town set up on land owned by the Duchy of Cornwall and endorsed by Prince Charles.
The town has been designed based on four key principles, including “architecture of place”, “integrated affordable housing”, “a walkable community” and “a mix of uses”.
Away from southern England, the Duchy of Cornwall also owns the Hereford Estates and some 1,700 hectares of woodland.
The Duchy Home Farm is also a completely organic farming system located near Charles’ country home of Highgrove House in Gloucestershire.
In the capital, the Manor of Kennington has been part of the Duchy of Cornwall for centuries.
Some of the oldest parts of the Duchy include “the Dart, Salcombe and Kingsbridge, Avon, Tamar, Looe, Helford and Camel estuaries”.
The Duchy of Cornwall also owns holiday cottages and swathes of ancient monuments across England.
Where are Prince Charles’ properties?
Prince Charles has an enviable selection of residences across the UK in addition to his main home of Clarence House in London.
Highgrove House, near Tetbury in Gloucestershire, is the country residence of Charles and his wife Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.
Birkhall, located on the Balmoral Estate of Royal Deeside, is Charles and Camilla’s Scottish home.
And Llwynywermod, near the village of Myddfai, Llandovery, Carmarthenshire, is Prince Charles’ Welsh home which he uses while visiting Wales.