Otherwise known as a myocardial infarction, a heart attack is the result of heart muscle cells dying due to a lack of oxygen. Once you’ve had one, the likelihood of it happening again increases – putting your life in danger. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NIH) raises awareness of the symptoms to look out for. Most commonly, this includes “upper body discomfort”, which may be felt in:
- One or both arms
- Upper part of the stomach (above the belly button)
At any point that you fear you might be having a heart attack, call 999 immediately.
There could be a rush of symptoms occurring all at once, or signs of the event could develop over weeks.
If you’ve already had a heart attack, another one following on from that may feel completely different.
Those who have been diagnosed with coronary heart disease – the leading cause of a heart attack – are likely to experience symptoms similar to a heart attack.
These lifestyle measures will also help prevent someone from developing coronary heart disease in the first place.
“A low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended, which should include plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (five portions a day) and whole grains,” said the NHS.
It also includes limiting the amount of salt in your diet and avoiding foods that contain saturated fats, such as:
- Meat pies
- Sausages and fatty cuts of meat
- Hard cheese
- Cakes and biscuits
- Foods that contain coconut or palm oil
Instead, choose foods that contain unsaturated fats, such as: oily fish, avocados, nuts, seeds and olive oil.