Type 2 diabetes means the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not being absorbed by the cells. Insulin is a hormone that’s responsible for regulating blood sugar – the main type of sugar found in blood. High blood sugar levels can damage the body so diabetics are disproportionately at risk.
How to treat diabetic neuropathy
The primary treatment for diabetic neuropathy involves lowering high blood sugar levels.
There are two important components to blood sugar reduction – diet and exercise.
According to the NHS, there’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.
The worst offenders are carbohydrates because they are broken down into glucose relatively fast.
- Some fruit and vegetables
- Wholegrain foods, such as porridge oats.
However, other factors must also be taken into account.
“Research has shown that the amount of carbohydrate you eat, rather than its GI rating, has the biggest influence on blood glucose levels after meals,” explains the NHS.
According to the health body, it’s also important to eat a healthy, balanced diet that is low in fat, sugar and salt, and high in fruit and vegetables.
“If you’ve been advised to make changes to your diet, or you need advice, a diabetes dietitian can help you work out a diet plan.”