In the UK, more than 10 million people have arthritis or other, similar conditions that affect the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the main types of arthritis in the UK. “In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system targets affected joints, which leads to pain and swelling,” explains the NHS.
Most people associated rheumatoid arthritis with joint complaints but other non-specific symptoms may precede the typical symptoms.
“Non-specific systemic symptoms, primarily fatigue, malaise, and depression, may commonly precede other symptoms of the disease by weeks to months and be indicators of ongoing disease activity,” says Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center.
According to the health body, the pattern of symptoms may “wax and wane” over the course of a day and even from one day to the next.
“Fever occasionally occurs and is almost always low grade”, it adds.
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Can it be cured?
There’s no cure for rheumatoid arthritis but lifestyle interventions can reduce inflammation in the joints and improve quality of life.
People with arthritis may be deterred from exercising but physical activity is key to managing the condition.
“It increases strength and flexibility, reduces joint pain, and helps combat fatigue,” explains the Mayo Clinic.
As the health body points out, even moderate exercise can ease your pain and help you maintain a healthy weight.
Improving your diet may also help to alleviate arthritis symptoms.
Research suggests that consumption of a Mediterranean diet reduces chronic inflammation.
The Mediterranean way of eating largely consists of daily intakes of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, beans and pulses, olive oil, wholegrain cereals and regular oily fish and poultry consumption.
Benefits of the diet included reduced swollen and tender joints, reduced duration of morning stiffness and improved general wellbeing.