The cancer rates make the disease three to four times more common today than in medieval times.
According to the NHS, the most common types of cancer today are breast, lung, prostate and bowel cancer.
Smoking, poor dietary choices and lack of exercise are considered some of the most basic risk factors.
Starting with the colonisation of the Americas in the 16th century, tobacco began to be imported into the UK.
And with the advent of the industrial age in the 18th century, the cancerous effects of industrial pollution also became more commonplace.