The Temple was destroyed in retaliation for the First Jewish revolt, which was the first of three major uprisings against the Roman Empire.
The Jewish efforts for independence ended with a massive diaspora of Jews out of the Holy Land.
Before the Second Temple’s construction, biblical texts speak of the First Temple or Solomon’s Temple standing in the same spot until its destruction by the Babylonians in 587 BC.
However, because extensive archaeological excavations have never been carried out at the Temple Mount for geopolitical and religious reasons, there is some uncertainty over the biblical narrative.
What is certain, is elements of the Second Temple are visited by millions of people each year.